- 1906 - GOV (New York) - Report - Joint Committee Of the Senate and Assembly of the State of New York Appointed to Investigate the Affairs of Life Insurance Companies - Assembly Document No. 41 - GooglePlay-1007p
- 1906 - GOV (New York) - Testimony Taken Before the Joint Committee of the Senate and Assembly of the State of New York to Investigate and Examine Into the Business and Affairs of Life Insurance Companies Doing Business in the State of New York: Volume 1
- 1906 - GOV (New York) - Testimony Taken Before the Joint Committee of the Senate and Assembly of the State of New York to Investigate and Examine Into the Business and Affairs of Life Insurance Companies Doing Business in the State of New York: Volume 2
But what kinds of things led to the Armstrong investigation?
Back at the turn of the century, many companies were illustrating very large 20th-year dividends, with the thought that they wouldn't really have to pay them because not many people would be around to collect the dividends or to be upset at lower dividends.
There were at least a couple of problems with this.
- For one thing, they weren't setting up liabilities for those deferred dividends.
- We now have line 8 on page 3 of the NAIC Annual Statement to deal with that.
- Another problem was that the actual dividends often turned out to be considerably less than illustrated.
- Yet some of the companies, even as they were paying those lower dividends, were still illustrating the higher ones on new business.
In simplest terms, people were paying for insurance on the strength of quasi-promises, the details of which they didn't fully understand.
Ultimately the regulators intervened and stopped such products from being sold at all, at least in New York.
The question, of course, is whether that sort of thing could happen again.
There are more recent parallels as well.
- One of my coworkers recently mentioned to me that back in the late 1940s and early 1950s, it was a common assignment for fledgling actuarial students to compose explanatory letters to policyholders who had written in to complain that the dividends on the 20- or 30-year endowments they had bought had not materialized.
- This was, of course, due to the low interest rates of the 1930s and 1940s.
-- BENJAMIN J. BOCK, Transamerica Occidental
1992 - LIFE INSURANCE SALES ILLUSTRATIONS, Society of Actuaries