2006 - Influenza Pandemic: The Impact on an Insured Lives Life Insurance Portfolio, Society of Actuaries 


  1. Glezen, W. Paul: Emerging Infections: Pandemic Influenza. Epidemioplogic Reviews. Vol. 18, No. 1, 1996.
  2. Meltzer, Martin I., Cox, Nancy J. and Fukuda, Keiji: The economic impact of pandemic influenza in the United States: priorities for intervention. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 1999; 5(5): 659-671.
  3. Nationaler Influenzapandemieplan Teil II–Analysen und Konzepte für Deutschland. Juli 2005, Bericht der Expertengruppe "Influenza–Pandemieplanung" am Robert Koch–Institut.
  4. Niall, P., Johnson, S., and Mueller, Juergen: Updating the Accounts: Global Mortality of the 1918-1920 "Spanish" Influenza Pandemic. Bull. Hist. Med., 2002, 76:105-115.
  5. Piercy, James and Miles, Adrian: The Economics of Pandemic Influenza in Switzerland. March 2003.
  6. Statistisches Jahrbuch 2004, Statistisches Bundesamt.
  7. Taubenberger, Jeffrey K., Morens, David M: 1918 Influenza: The Mother of All Pandemics. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 12, No. 1, January 2006.
  8. The Pandemic of Influenza in 1918-1919. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Public Health Service. National Office of Vital Statistics. (
  9. Willets, Richard: The facts behind the hype. The Actuary, December 2005.
  10. World Health Organization (WHO): Summary of probable SARS cases with onset of illness from 1 November 2002 to 31 July 2003. (