• Bretton Woods Conference -
    • Bretton Woods system - 1945-1971
    • led to the establishment of the IMF and the IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) -  (now the World Bank)



Joint Forum (previously known as The Joint Forum on Financial Conglomerates):

  • BCBS - Basel Committee on Banking Supervision 
  • IOSCO - International Organization of Securities Commissions 
  • IAIS - International Association of Insurance Supervisors
  • Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) - established by the central bank governors of the Group of Ten countries in 1974. (Wikipedia)
  •  Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

International Trade Associations

  • (GFIA) -  The Global Federation of Insurance Associations -
  • (IIF) - Institute of International Finance -
  • (WFII) - Industry Group - World Federation of Insurance Intermediaries - 



European Union 

ESFS - European System of Financial Supervision-

> 3 European Supervisory Authorities

  1. EBA - European Banking Authority -
  2. EIOPA - European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority -
  3. ESMA - European Securities and Markets Authority

United Kingdom

  • Bank of England - regulator and central bank

  • Other
    • (FCA) - Financial Conduct Authority
      • conduct regulator for nearly 60,000 financial services firms and financial markets in the UK and the prudential supervisor for 49,000 firms, setting specific standards for 19,000 firms. 
      • independent public body funded entirely by the firms by charging them fees. ...accountable to the Treasury, which is responsible for the UK’s financial system, and to Parliament.
      • FKA: Consumer Protection and Markets Authority (CPMA)
    • (FRC) - Financial Reporting Council
      • is an independent regulator in the UK and Ireland, responsible for regulating auditors, accountants and actuaries, and setting the UK's Corporate Governance and Stewardship Codes.

The Financial Services Authority (FSA) was a quasi-judicial body responsible for the regulation of the financial services industry in the United Kingdom between 2001 and 2013. It was founded as the Securities and Investments Board (SIB) in 1985. Its board was appointed by the Treasury, although it operated independently of government. It was structured as a company limited by guarantee and was funded entirely by fees charged to the financial services industry.[1][2]

Due to perceived regulatory failure of the banks during the financial crisis of 2007–2008, the UK government decided to restructure financial regulation and abolish the FSA.[3] On 19 December 2012, the Financial Services Act 2012 received royal assent, abolishing the FSA with effect from 1 April 2013. Its responsibilities were then split between two new agencies: the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority of the Bank of England. (Wikipedia)


  • China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC)
  • China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC)

  • The insurance regulator was the People’s Bank of China until November 1998, when the CIRC (China Insurance Regulatory Commission) was established.
  • On 17 March 2018, the 13th National People's Congress announced a plan to overhaul China's financial regulatory system. The China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC), and the banking regulator, the China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC), were merged into the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission (CBIRC) with an aim to resolve problems such as unclear responsibilities and cross-regulation. The CBIRC was officially established on 8 April 2018. (Wikipedia)